英国会计服务业处于世界领先地位

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英国会计服务业处于世界领先地位 资讯 第1张

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小编絮叨叨

近日,会计职业团体咨询委员会的最新报告显示会计专业对英国发展有着重大的意义。会计专业是以研究财务活动和成本资料的收集、分类、综合、分析和解释的基础上形成协助决策的信息系统,以有效地管理经济的一门应用学科,可以说它是社会学科的组成部分,也是一门重要的管理学科。英国作为老牌的资本主义国家,其经济的发展离不开会计做出的重大贡献。会计专业不仅为国民提供了大量的工作岗位,同时也为国家贡献了巨额的GDP。今天,小编就用数据为大家揭秘会计专业在英国的重要性吧。

Reading

Time

UK global leader in accounting services, report finds

研究发现,英国的会计服务处于世界领先地位

Julia Irvine

5 Jun 2017

翻译:June

校对:Mengyu

编辑:William

会计职业团体咨询委员会(Consultative Committee of Accountancy Bodies,简称CCAB)的最新报告显示会计专业对英国的重要性,其中包括每年对英国GDP的贡献达520亿英镑。

汇编报告的牛津经济研究院(Oxford Economics)发现,会计行业通过对财务信息的收集、分析和报告,为各级企业决策和行政管理提供支持,也为英国经济提供了“关键性服务”。

经济学家们对此总结道:“精通这门‘商业语言’的专业人士是经济活动的必要组成部分。”

在这520亿英镑GDP总贡献额中,会计服务业贡献高达172亿英镑,其余来自企业内部会计师。这相当于GDP总额的3%,几乎占建筑行业贡献额的一半(49%)。

2016年,约59.86万名专业人员从事会计、簿记和审计工作; 此外,会计行业还为行政、管理、IT和其他支持性工作等非会计岗位填补了24.28万个职位。换句话说,会计行业为84.1万人提供了就业的机会。

在企业内部会计师中,约有7万人受雇于公共行政、教育以及健康领域,几乎与从事制造业的人数相当。

意料之中的是,财政部门是该行业巨额收益的主要受益者。去年,共收到约58亿英镑的税收,包括所得税收入、NIC(National Insurance Contribution, 国民保险费)、公司税、增值税和营业税。另外41亿英镑是通过雇用公司内部会计师而产生的,总税收额达到99亿英镑。

这相当于2016年度HMRC(英国税务海关总署)总税收收入中的1.8%,这也意味着每56镑的总税收收入中便有1英镑来自于会计行业。

该研究还显示,2016年的B2B(business to business)会计服务市场价值约为171亿英镑,占2016年英国经济B2B购买总额的1.1%。会计服务的最大买家是金融行业,耗资27亿英镑,但工程和法律行业也是热衷购买者,占其年度B2B预算的7.3%。

整体来看,会计市场快速增长,而英国前100强企业的收入较上年同期上升了7.3%。尽管国内需求强劲,但英国会计服务业务的海外收益使其在过去的五年中出口增长率提高了59%。

在2016年,英国会计服务出口额达18亿英镑,而会计服务进口额则达到8.5亿英镑。

经济学家们表示:“这意味着会计活动有助于促进英国的贸易平衡。”

同时还强调了英国作为全球会计行业领导者的地位。

The importance of the accountancy profession to the UK – including the £52bn it contributes to UK GDP on a yearly basis – is revealed in a new report for the Consultative Committee of Accountancy Bodies (CCAB)

Research from Oxford Economics, which compiled the report, finds that the profession provides “crucial services” to the UK economy, through the collection, analysis and reporting of financial information which in turn underpins business decision-making and administration at all levels.

“Professionals who are proficient in this ‘language of business’ are a necessary ingredient of economic activity,” the economists conclude.

The accounting services sector itself accounted for £17.2bn of the total £52bn, with the rest coming from inhouse accountants. This is equivalent to 3% of all activity and almost half (49%) of the output produced by the construction sector.

In 2016, some 598,600 professionals were employed in accounting, book-keeping and audit roles; in addition, the accounting industry filled 242,800 jobs in non-accountancy roles, such as administration, management, IT and other support roles. In other words, the accountancy profession directly supported the employment of 841,000 people.

Of the inhouse accountants, around 70,000 were employed in public administration, education and health, while a similar number were employed in manufacturing.

Not surprisingly, the Treasury is a significant beneficiary of the sector’s huge earnings. Last year, it received approximately £5.8bn in tax revenues, including income tax and NICs, corporation tax, VAT and business rates. A further £4.1bn was generated through the employment of inhouse accountants, bring the total tax revenues to £9.9bn.

This is equivalent to 1.8% – or £1 in every £56 – of HMRC’s total tax receipts during 2016.

The research also shows that the B2B market for accountancy services was worth some £17.1bn in 2016, or 1.1% of all B2B purchases in the UK economy in 2016. The biggest buyer of accountancy services was the finance industry which spent £2.7bn, but the engineering and legal sectors were also keen purchasers, spending 7.3% of their annual B2B budget.

The overall accountancy market is growing quickly and incomes among the top 100 firms in the UK rose by 7.3% in 2016 compared to a year earlier. Although demand domestically is strong, interest overseas in UK accounting services has boosted export growth by 59% over the past five years.

In 2016, UK accounting services exports amounted to £1.8bn, compared to imports of accounting services which were valued at £850m.

“This means that accountancy activities help provide a positive boost to the UK’s trade balance,” the economists say.

It also emphasises the UK’s status as a global leader in accounting activities.